The purpose of the workshops is to help scientists communicate more effectively, to help them present the results of their research in a way that will best convince the editors of journals, the reviewers and readers that their work is important and reliable.

It is designed to help scientists who already have a good command of English (or for whom English is the native language) to structure their papers—that is, to arrange the necessary material into sections in a logical order so that the reader will be led through the arguments and thus understand the relevance of the results.

There are two types of workshop.

5-Day Workshop

A 5-day workshop with a maximum of six participants, each of whom brings a manuscript to be submitted to a biomedical journal. Each section of each manuscript is discussed by the participants after an explanation of the functions of that section. Each day, the participants revise the parts of their manuscripts that have been discussed. A short session covers how to improve writing style. On day 5, the revised manuscripts are examined again. By the end of the workshop, there are six manuscripts ready to send to the journal of each participant’s choice.

Contact is maintained with the participants until the manuscripts are actually published. This includes revising the manuscripts before submission to the journal, for structure, style and language and revising the accompanying letter to the editor of the journal. Once the manuscript has been returned with reviewers’ comments, the revised manuscripts are again looked at for clarity, and comments are given on the answers to reviewers’ comments and the second letter to the editor of the journal.

1-, 2-, 3- or 4-Day Workshops

Each has a maximum of 12 participants. One (1-day), two (2-day), three (3-day) or four (4-day) manuscripts are chosen from among those submitted by participants to illustrate the discussion.

Contact is maintained with the authors of the paper(s) that were used to illustrate the workshop until the manuscripts are actually published, as for the 5-day workshop. The remaining participants are asked to send the first paper that they write after the workshop for suggestions on improving structure and for editing.

Workshops have been conducted in


  • Australian National University, Canberra, ACT
  • Cancer Council, Sydney, NSW
  • Child Health Research Institute and Curtin, Perth, WA
  • Department of Health, Broken Hill, NSW
  • New South Wales Department of Health, Sydney, NSW
  • Department of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW
  • Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT
  • National Prescribing Service, Sydney, NSW
  • Public Health Association of Australia
  • Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Sydney, NSW
  • Sax Institute, Sydney, NSW
  • University of Newcastle, NSW
  • National Centre for HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
  • National Centre for HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW

Central African Republic

  • Institut Pasteur, Bangui


  • Chinese Association for Smoking and Health, Wuhan
  • Institute of Reproductive Health, Shanghai


  • Croatian Medical School, Zagreb
  • Split University, Split

Czech Republic

  • University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno


  • Danish Cancer Registry, Copenhagen


  • Institute for Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn


  • Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki


  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Montpellier II, Montpellier
  • International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon


  • German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelberg
  • Institute for Tumour Research, University of Essen
  • University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld
  • Institut für Medizinische Biometrie, Epidemiologie und Informatik, Mainz
  • Universitätsklinikum, Heidelberg


  • Cancer Research Institute, Mumbai
  • International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh
  • Tata Institute for Fundamental Research, Mumbai
  • All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi


  • Istituto de Biologia dello Sviluppo, Palermo
  • Osservatorio Epidemiologico, Regione Lazio Assessorato Sanità, Rome
  • Scuola Internazionale di Oncologia e Medicina Sperimentale, Rome
  • Scuola Internazionale di Oncologia e Medicina Sperimentale, Santa Margherita Ligure


  • Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima
  • Kyoto University, Kyoto
  • Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya
  • Okayama University Hospital, Okayama
  • Osaka University Hospital, Osaka
  • Tokyo University, Tokyo


  • African Academy of Sciences, Nairobi


  • Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Malaya, Petalaya Jaya
  • Department of Orthopaedic Medicine, University Hospital, University of Malaya, Petalaya Jaya
  • Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak


  • Mali Médical, Bamako


  • The Cancer Institute of Norway, Oslo


  • Academy of Sciences, Warsaw
  • Institute of Oncology, Warsaw


  • Centre of Marine Sciences, Faro

Russian Federation

  • Institute of Post-graduate Medical Studies, St Petersburg

Saudi Arabia

  • Taibah University, Medina


  • Senegal Academy of Sciences and Technique, Dakar


  • Institute for Marine Sciences, Vigo


  • Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro Medical Center Hospital, Örebro
  • Department of Occupational Medicine, University of Linköping, Linköping
  • Göteberg University
  • Swedish Board of Colleges and Universities, Stockholm


  • World Health Organization, Geneva


  • APACT Meeting, Chiang Mai
  • Department of Reproductive Health, University of Khon Kaen

Trinidad and Tobago

  • Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Port-of-Spain

United Kingdom

  • European Association of Science Editors, 2003 General Assembly, Bath


  • Council of Biology Editors, 1997 Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The participants in the workshops have ranged from postgraduate students to full professors in a wide variety of fields of research. Most recently, they have included groups of Aboriginal health researchers and public health trainees in Australia.